Saturday, 10 December 2016    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / Sayyid Qutb
Sayyid Qutb: Establishing the Haakimiyyah of Allaah (By Borrowing The Manifestos of Secular Atheist Jews)
Filed under: Sayyid Qutb
Sunday, December 20 2009 - by Admin
Key topics: Sayyid Qutb Socialism Communism Marxism

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

In the compilation, "Islam and the West, Critical Perspectives on Modernity" (compiled by Michael Thompson), Omer Caha writes (pp. 44-45):

Radical and revolutionary Islam, which emerged as reactions to colonialism, were inspired more by socialist values than by liberal democratic values, and they formulated their principles in line with this outlook. It was common in the Islamic world until the 1980s to consider Islam as a source of ideology as well as a Revolutionary Ideology. It was particularly the Iranian Revolution, which became and inspirational reference for Islamic movements at that time. In this period, Islam was taken by Muslim thinkers of Iranian origin as well as by those of North African origin, almost as a kind of state religion, a Revolutionary Ideology, and a theocratic political structure.

Such interpretations of Islam can be traced back, in the case of some North African countries, to the period between the second half of the nineteenth century and up to the first half of the twentieth century. At that point in time, Muslim countries began to suffer a long period of painful setback in the face of the incredible economic growth and development western countries were experiencing. Moreover, the colonial ambitions of western countries directly over Islamic territories evoked strong reactions from Muslim thinkers of North Africa who began to think in terms of Leninism. This explains a great deal about the distance, which Muslims began to feel toward liberalism, democracy, capitalism,and other similar systems and ideas.

The two key concepts these thinkers borrowed from Leninism were the "state" and "revolution". It was in their view, the state that symolized Social Justice, social unity, and the struggle against the West. Such a state could only be established through revolution, this being under the leadership of a pioneering group.

The works of Sayyid Qutb, an Egyptian Islamic intellectual who was hanged by the Nasser regime in 1966, for instance, emphasize the role of a revolutionary group. Largely on account of his Leninist background, Qutb envisaged the establishment of an Islamic state by means of a revolution led by a specially trained group versed in Islamic values. The project towards the creation of such a group, indeed, can be seen as an attempt to replace Lenin's proletariat vanguards with their Muslim counterparts. For Qutb, the salvation of Muslims, as well as the entirety of humanity depended on an Islamic state that would represent a third way, i.e., an alternative to Socialism and capitalism.

Although critical of Socialism, many Islamic intellectuals, as in the case of Sayyid Qutb, operated on values that might be combined with a Leninist style of state Socialism in some form through its emphasis on collective brotherhood, revolution, equality, salvation, a centralized state, anticapitalism, and antidemocracy amongst others.

Hence, both authoritarian regimes and Muslim intellectuals with a first-hand experience of colonial domination completely refused the West, and sought to set up alternative institutions, which were authoritarian in character. When realizing the traditional interpretations of Islam fell short of enabling the deployment of adequate means by which to resolve existing problems, they began to borrow concepts and perspectives from Russian socialism, which was anticapitalist and antiliberalist in character, to develop an Islamic myth as an alternative.

Thought the writer is writing from the perspective of explaining the lack of democracy, or opposition to democracy in the Muslim lands, his analysis of the origins of ideologies based upon the notions of "state" and "revolution" and borrowed from Russian Bolshevism are extremely accurate. This can be seen in the likes of Abu A'la Mawdudi and very clearly in the writings of Sayyid Qutb.

Phil Paine, a writer and independent scholar as he describes himself observes, after reading Milestones for the first time:

... The first thing one notices about Qutb's ideological thought is how little it has to do with traditions of Islam, or the needs of people in Islamic countries. It is profoundly European in inspiration, and it's chief models are Hitler, Marx and Lenin ... Lenin is by far the strongest influence.

Whole passages look like they were simply copied out from his works and then a pseudo-Islamic terminology inserted, "revolutionary vanguard" becoming "Islamic vanguard", and so on... As Marxist mumbo-jumbo justified the telling of any lie, the betrayal of any value, the commitment of any atrocity, in the name of an implacable destiny, so too, does Milestones...

... Qutb was by no means alone. In the 1920's and 1930's, the Muslim Brotherhood and other precursers of today's jihadist movement were profoundly influenced by Marxism and Nazism. Before WWII, Hitler was the greater influence, but with his defeat, Communism became the principal inspiration. In fact, Qutb himself was a delegate to the Communist International, its principle liaison with the Muslim Brotherhood. [R. R. Reilly, "The Roots of Islamist Ideology"]

... Qutb draws on the Asharite tradition, as well as on his Marxist and Nazi sources. But today's totalitarian Islamism is not an attempt to restore the glories of early Islam. Far from it --- it draws its inspiration from the deviations from classical Islam that destroyed those glories...

It is very interesting to see how individuals that are learned, well-read and well-versed can immediately recognize - after reading just a single book (Milestones) - the true and real origins of Qutb's ideology. The writer also had the knowledge and understanding to recognize Qutb's Asharite leanings. So much for those ignoramus journalists and half-boiled writers linking Qutb to Salafiyyah. As for "Marxist" sources, then Qutb was formerly a communist and some of his communist ideology comes through still in his writings such as advocating the confiscation and redistribution of wealth (that will be dealt with in a separate article). As for "Nazi" sources, then we do not know of any credible evidence at this point in time to suggest he had "Nazi" sources for his ideologies.

Ladan and Roya Boroumand wrote in an article titled "Terror, Islam and Democracy", Journal of Democracy 13.2 (2002) 5-20:

Like Mawdudi and various Western totalitarians, he [Qutb] identified his own society (in his case, contemporary Muslim polities) as among the enemies that a virtuous, ideologically self-conscious, vanguard minority would have to fight by any means necessary, including violent revolution, so that a new and perfectly just society might arise. His ideal society was a classless one where the "selfish individual" of liberal democracies would be banished and the "exploitation of man by man" would be abolished. God alone would govern it through the implementation of Islamic law (shari'a). This was Leninism in Islamist dress.

Contemporary members of the Muslim Brotherhood acknowledge that Qutb was influenced by Leninist revolutionary methodology. Ibrahim al-Houdaiby writes in an article "Four Decades After Sayyid Qutb's Execution" (bold emphasis is ours):

In "Milestones" Qutb presents a manifesto for change, one heavily influenced by Lenin's "What is to be done," with the clear Islamization of its basic notions. He argued that society was suffering from "jahiliyya" (a state of ignorance which preceded the revelation of Islam) and that consequently, there is no room for middle ground between Islamists and their societies.

Paul Berman writes in an article published in the New York Times, 23rd March 2003:

The few had to gather themselves together into what Qutb in "Milestones" called a vanguard - a term that he must have borrowed from Lenin ...

In "Sayyid Qutb: The Father of Al-Qaida", published in the Independent in August 2006, Daniel Martin quotes from Lawrence Wright observing about the book "Milestones":

...Its ringing apocalyptic tone may be compared with Rousseau's Social Contract and Lenin's What Is to Be Done? - with similar bloody consequences.

Rod Dreher writes in the Dallas Morning News (27th August 2006):

What is to be done? Lenin famously asked about Czarist Russia. Qutb's answer to the same question about the West was, in part, "Milestones," a Leninist-style tract advocating worldwide Islamic revolution.

As we have noted in a previous article that:

The esteemed scholar, Rabee' bin Haadee al-Madkhalee, who has authored numerous works in refutation of the heresies and Extremism of the father of all modern takfiri groups, pointed out in 1995 Qutb's exposition of elements of Communist ideology as well as his Leninist revolutionary activities.

Shaikh Rabee' stated in "al-Awaasim Mimmaa Fee Kutub Sayyid Qutb Min al-Qawaasim" (p.38, 1st print, 1995):

Secondly: This tashree (legislation) that Sayyid Qutb ascribes to Islaam (referring here to some aspects of socialism-marxism related to confiscation of wealth from the rich for redistribution amongst the poor that Qutb permitted), he borrowed them from the Communist and Western principles (mabaadi) and theorems (nadhariyyaat) which had become widespread in his lifetime. In fact he himself used to imbibe (such principles and theorems) and they remained settled in his soul and in his intellect at the time when he would write in the name of Islaam. Especially when he mounted the peak of the Nasserite Taaghootee Revolution which in its application, centered around Socialism, based upon the theorem of Sayyid Qutb and his likes, those who had mixed Marxist Socialism with the garment of Islaam, and by which Islaam and the Muslims were pounded.

And in the footnote, the Shaikh adds to this:

And the Free Officers, at the head of them, Jamaal Abd an-Nasser, used to be students, learning from the books of Sayyid Qutb, and he (Qutb) used to partner with them in plotting the revolution. Refer to the book "Sayyid Qutb min al-Meelaad Ilaa Istish.haad" (p.299-304) and before these pages, and also the book "Sayyid Qutb al-Adeeb an-Naaqid" (p.105-107)."

Sayyid Qutb based his ideologies on his own Socialist, Marxist, Leninist background. He had already been involved in one Leninist-style revolution when he along with Nasser and the Free Officers plotted the revolution by which Nasser came into power - though he and Nasser later fell out.

The fact that Sayyid Qutb was heavily influenced by Marxist Socialism and Leninism is being firmly established as more and more academic studies are conducted looking at the evolution of Qutb's writings and ideologies in the background of the changing social, economical and political landscapes in the time that Qutb lived (early to mid 20th century).

As all contemporary takfiri and jihadi groups who promote revolution as a means of reform have inevitably taken their methodologies from Sayyid Qutb, they can rightly be called Leninist-Kharijites, as the true intellectual basis of their ideologies and methodologies has been thoroughly exposed. Leninism. Qutb could not find the revolution he envisaged in the Qur'an, or the Sunnah or from any of the Orthodox Muslim scholars.

In fact the above author has shrewdly pointed this out:

When realizing the traditional interpretations of Islam fell short of enabling the deployment of adequate means by which to resolve existing problems, they began to borrow concepts and perspectives from Russian Socialism...

So he took it from Lenin, and then tried to quote from historical and prominent scholars such as Ibn Taymiyyah to argue for aspects of his methodology. As we will show in future articles, Qutb's use of Ibn Taymiyyah to argue for his Leninist methodology is false.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


The Sayings, Verdicts and Rulings of the Scholars of Ahl us-Sunnah Regarding the Doctrines and Books of Sayyid Qutb (21)
Concerning Shaykh Ibn Jibreen's Defence of Hasan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb (6)
Misguiding the Ummah Through Propaganda For Qutb's Books: An Encyclopedia of the Innovations and Deviations They Contain (13)
The False Comparison Between Hadith Giants Ibn Hajar, an-Nawawi and 20th Century Ignoramuses (2)
Sayyid Qutb and the Aqidah of the Rafidah in Reviling and Abusing the Companions (7)
Sayyid Qutb and the Issue of the Doctrine of 'Wahdat ul-Wujood' (4)
Bayan Talbis al-Qutbiyyah - Explanation of the Deception of the Qutbiyyah (4)
Qutbi Competition Corner - Test Your Aptitude for Defending Baatil (1)
Hasan al-Banna, al-Ikhwan and the Rafidite Shiah (3)
Latest Articles
Shaykh al-Raajihee Declares the Extremist Haddaadiyyah as Liars
Shaykh al-Luhaydan: They Harbour Malice Towards Shaykh Rabee Because He Refutes the Opposers
Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee: Shaykh Rabee is an Ayah (Sign) in Knowledge of the Hizbiyyeen
Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee: Shaykh Rabee is Insightful Regarding the Hizbiyyeen and 'Chisels Out' Their Hizbiyyah
Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee: Shaykh Rabee is From the Taa'ifah Mansoorah and Filters out the Hizbiyyeen
Shaykh Muqbil bin Haadee on Shaykh Rabee: If Shaykh Rabee Says So and So is a Hizbee, Over the Passing of Days, It Will Become Clear That He is a Hizbee
Refutation of the Slander of the Confused Abdullaah al-Farsee Against Shaykh Rabee Regarding the Issue of Iqaamat ul-Hujjah
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan Asked About Whoever Twisted His Speech to Attack Shaykh Rabee: It is From His Own Desire and He Will Bear the Burden of Sin
A Gift to Salman al-Awdah and Safar al-Hawali: Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan: Being Labelled with 'Jaamiyyah' is a Praise and a Tazkiyah
Sayyid Qutb and Ayatollah Kashani (Both Rafidees) and Abu Zubair Saleem Begg and Abu Fatimah Salman Awan (Both Practical Ghulaat al-Murji'ah)
Learn the Arabic Language Through Games and Activities visit the site
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 Takfiris.Com

Most Popular
A Picture Paints (Characterizes) a Thousand Qutbis: Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Abu A'la Mawdudi, the Rafidah and the Iranian Revolution
Sajid Kayum: The Hypocritical Coward Who Runs The Forums of Amwaat.Morg In Which Slanders and Alleged Sins Are Spread About Other Muslims
Readings in Elementary Communism: Karl Marx, Freidrich Engels, Sayyid Qutb, Capitalism, the State, Social Justice, Revolution and the Communist Manifesto
The Relationship Between Shaykh Rabee al-Madkhali and the Major Scholars: Part 3 - Imaam Ibn Baz Requesting Shaykh Rabee in Writing To Refute a Denier of Allaah's Attributes
The Satanic Path of Sajid Kayum's Slanderhouse Forums Evaluated in Light of the Prophetic Sunnah
Sayyid Qutb and the Revolution Organized in Egypt Against the Third Khalifah Uthman bin Affaan
Regarding Abu al-Hasan al-Ma'ribee al-Ikhwani: Why Shaykh Rabee' Was Correct and Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad Was Wrong (Yet Both Are Rewarded) - Part 1
Muftee Abdul-Azeez Aal al-Shaykh on the Saying of Sayyid Qutb About Mu'awiyyah and Amr bin al-Aas: It is the Saying of a Baatinee Khabeeth or a Yahoodee La'een and is the Epitomy of Nifaaq
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-Uthaymeen Distinguished Between The Salafi Manhaj and The Qutbi Manhaj and Wholeheartedly Reccommended Warning From the Qutbi Manhaj After Detailed Study and Consideration
The Words of Imaam Ibn Baz Falling on Those (Qutbiyyah) Who Lied Upon Him (Safar al-Hawali, Salman al-Awdah, Muhammad Sa'eed al-Qahtani, Aa'id al-Qarnee, Abdur-Razzaq ash-Shayijee): Callers of Falsehood and Stirrers of the Murky Waters

Tags
aa'id al-qarnee aa'id al-qarni abbaas al- abbas el-akkad abd al-aziz aal ash-shaikh abdul-aziz aal ash-shaikh abdul-aziz ar-raajihee abdullaah al-farsee abdullah al-farsee abdullah azzam abdullah bin saba' abdur-rahmaan abdul-khaaliq abdur-razzaq ash-shayijee abu a'la mawdudi abu al-hasan al-ma'ribee abu sufyan ahmad shakir ahya al-adaalah al-ijtimaa'iyyah al-arsh albaanee albani alexis carrel al-fawzaan al-fawzan algeria al-ghazali al-ghudayan al-ikwan al-muslimoon al-istiwaa al-luhaidan al-mubarakfuri al-uluww amr khalid an-nawawi aqidah aqqaad ar-razi ash'ari asharis ash'aris ash'arite ash'ariyyah asha'riyyah az-zilal banna barbarism bayaan talbis al-qutbiyyah bayan talbis al-qutbiyyah christianity communism communist manifesto egypt excommunication extremism faith fawzan fi zilal il-quran fi zilal il-qur'an fikr frederick engels george bush ghaddafi ghulaat al-murji'ah ghuluww grave worship haakimiyyah habib ali al-jifree hadd hammad al-ansari hasan al-banna hasan al-maalikee hayyiz hind hudood ibn arabi ibn baaz ibn baz ibn hajar al-asqalani ibn hajr ibn jibreen ibn jibrin ibn saba al-yahudi ibn taymiyyah ibn uthaymeen ibn uthaymin ihyaa al-turaath imaan in the shade of the qur'an iranian revolution irja irjaa irjaa' istibdaal istihzaa jaahiliyyah jahmiyyah jamaa'at ut-takfir jameel zainoo jihah karl marx kashani khabar ul-aahaad khabar ul-wahid khameni kharijites khawarij khomeini khurooj kufr bawah leninism leninists libya madaakhilah madkhali madkhalis mahmood shakir mahmud shakir makaan makhlooq marxism marxist socialism mawdudi milestones mockery mohammad qutb mongols moosaa moses mu'awiyah mufawwidah mufawwidh muhammad al-areefee muhammad bin ibraaheem muhammad bin ibrahim muhammad sa'eed al-qahtani muqbil bin haadee muqbil bin hadi murji'ah nawab safawi nawawi qawaaneen qawanin qsep qur'an qutb qutbi qutbi manhaj qutbis qutbiyyah qutubiyyah raafidah rabi al-madkhali rabi bin hadi al-madkhali rafidah rafidah shi'ah revolutionary ideology safar al-hawali sahaabah sajid kaym sajid kayum salafi manhaj saleem begg salih aal ash-shaykh salih al-luhaydan salman al-aqdah salman al-awdah salman awan saudi saudi arabia sayyid qutb secular law secular laws secularism shaikh rabi shanqeetee shanqiti shaykh abd al-aziz aal ash-shaykh shaykh abd al-aziz bin baz shaykh abdul-aziz bin baz shaykh al-albani shaykh al-luhaydaan shaykh al-uthaymin shaykh ibn jibrin shaykh ibn uthaymin shaykh muhammad amaan al-jaamee shaykh muqbil bin haadee shaykh muqbil bin hadi shaykh rabee shaykh rabee' shaykh rabee bin haadee shaykh rabi shaykh rabi al-madkali shaykh rabi bin hadi al-madkhali shiah shi'ites shirk sifaat fi'liyyah social justice socialism soofee speech of allaah sufi sufism syria tabdeel tafweed tahkeem tahkeem al-qawaaneen tahkim al-qawanin takfeer takfir takfiris takhyeel tamyee' tashree' taswir al-fanni fil-qur'an tatars ta'weel tawhid tawhid al-haakimiyyah tawhid al-hakimiyyah tawhid al-hukm the companions ubaydullah al-mubarakfuri wahdat ul-wujood zilal

Archives
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009


© TheMadkhalis.Com. All rights reserved.
Madkhalis Madaakhilah The Madkhalis