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Shaykh Abdul-Azeez ar-Raajihee on Ruling By Other Than What Allaah Revealed and The Secular Laws
Filed under: Ruling By What Allaah Has Revealed
Sunday, December 20 2009 - by Admin
Key topics: Qawaaneen Secular Laws

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Shaykh Abdul-Azeez ar-Raajihee was asked (You can download the audio here):

What is the saying of the respected Shaykh 'Abdul-'Azeez Bin Baaz (rahimahullaah taa'alaa) concerning Takfir on account of abandonment of judging by what Allaah has revealed, and is his saying, and the saying of al-Albaani, and Muhammad Ibn Uthaymeen (alaihim rahmatullaahi) the saying of "the Murji'ah of the Era"? (i.e. as some people say).

So the Shaykh replied:

No. It is not the saying of "the Murji'ah of the Era". Ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed has tafseel (detail) to it.

(The first situation): If he rules by other than what Allaah has revealed, believing (mu'taqidan) that it does not suit the times (i.e. what Allaah revealed), then this is the greatest of people in disbelief. This is great disbelief, when he judges by other than what Allaah revealed, believing that judging by the Sharee'ah does not suit the times, and that judging by the Secular Laws is suited to these times. So this is disbelief without doubt.

The second situation is that he rules by other than what Allaah has revealed, believing (mu'taqidan) that he has a choice between judging by the Secular Laws and judging by what Allaah has revealed, and that they are both the same. This is disbelief by agreement.

The third situation is that he rules by other than what Allaah has revealed and he believes that ruling by what Allaah has revealed is better than ruling by the Secular Laws, but that it is permissible to rule by the secular laws. This is disbelief by agreement also, since he declared ruling by other than what Allaah revealed to be permissible, and ruling by other than what Allaah revealed is unlawful, which is known in the religion by necessity, such as the one who declared fornication (zinaa) to be permissible, and said "I am not committing zinaa" or the one who declared usury (ribaa) to be permissible, and said "I am not consuming interest". Then likewise, the one who declared ruling by the Secular Laws to be permissible and then said "Ruling by the Sharee'ah is superior", then he disbelieves by agreement.

So these are three manifestations. Three situations.

The fourth situation is that he rules by the customs, habits, such as the bedouin, who judge by the (ancestral) customs, habits. This is major disbelief.

The fifth situation is that he changes the Sharee'ah, in that he judges, from head to heel, in that he changes the whole of the Sharee'ah, in all of the affairs of the state, all of them, from their first to the last of them, from head to heel. So some of the scholars have tended to this (view), in that he disbelieves because he changed the (whole) deen, and al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer (rahimahullaah) has tended to this, this is what has been said, (i.e. about Ibn Katheer). And this was also chosen by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem (rahimahullaah) in his risaalah "Tahkeem ul-Qawaaneen".

However, others have said, that it is necessary for it to be explained to the ruler, because he could be ignorant, and could have some doubt (shubhah) with him, and this has been chosen by the respected Shaykh 'Abdul-Azeez Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah) and likewise, Shaykh Muhammad bin Uthaymeen chose this also.

And this is in relation to the fifth situation, meaning, the one who said that he disbelieves because he changed the whole deen, from head to heel. This is when it is in all of the affairs of the state, and as for when it is partial, and in partial matters, then no. And then amongst them (who hold Takfir of the one who changed all of the deen), are those who say that it is necessary for the proof to be established upon him.

The questioner then asks:

May Allaah be benevolent to you, what is the advice to those foolish ones and those groups of pretenders (to knowledge) who accuse those scholars of being Murji'ah?

The Shaykh replied:

The advice to them is that they repent to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and that they learn knowledge before they speak, and that upon them is to learn knowledge before they speak. And upon them is to repent to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic for that in which they have been neglectful in their words, and that they hold back their tongues from speaking without knowledge, and speaking about Allaah without knowledge is from the greatest of major sins, and Allaah put it above Shirk with Allaah.

Say: "(But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are evil shameful sins (of lusts, desires) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allaah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allaah of which you have no knowledge." (Al-A'raf 7:33)

Meaning, that it includes Shirk and also other than Shirk, he also made it to be from the desire of Shaytaan (i.e. to make them speak without knowledge) in His saying:

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitaan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. [Shaitaan (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fahshaa (sinful), and that you should say against Allaah what you know not. (Al-Baqarah 2:168-169)

Note: You can download the audio here. This statement was published eight years ago elsewhere. Irjaa' in the issue of ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed is to restrict the disbelief pertaining to it only to "juhood" or "istihlaal" or juhood and istihlaal only, just like it is Irjaa' to restrict kufr more broadly, to just "takhdeeb" and "juhood" and "istihlaal". With respect to ruling by other than what Allaah has revealed and Secular Laws then the kufr in that regard can be that of

  • Juhood (rejection, denial, after knowledge)
  • Istihlaal (declaring it to be lawful in one's belief)
  • Considering Secular Law to be better (even if he does not judge by it)
  • Considering Secular Law to be equal to the Sharee'ah
  • Considering Sharee'ah law to be better but believing one has a choice in the matter
  • Believing the Sharee'ah law is backward or not suitable for the times
  • Removing the entire Sharee'ah from top to bottom, in all affairs, in the entire religion and instituting another law in its place
  • Hating what Allaah revealed, even if one judges by it
  • Accepting the rule of Allaah is better, more just, that it is obligatory to rule by it, but we withholds out of arrogance and the likes.

So here the kufr is not just related to the speech of the heart but also to the hearts actions, and to the outward actions too.

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aa'id al-qarnee aa'id al-qarni abbaas al- abbas el-akkad abd al-aziz aal ash-shaikh abdul-aziz aal ash-shaikh abdul-aziz ar-raajihee abdullaah al-farsee abdullah al-farsee abdullah azzam abdullah bin saba' abdur-rahmaan abdul-khaaliq abdur-razzaq ash-shayijee abu a'la mawdudi abu al-hasan al-ma'ribee abu sufyan ahmad shakir ahya al-adaalah al-ijtimaa'iyyah al-arsh albaanee albani alexis carrel al-fawzaan al-fawzan algeria al-ghazali al-ghudayan al-ikwan al-muslimoon al-istiwaa al-luhaidan al-mubarakfuri al-uluww amr khalid an-nawawi aqidah aqqaad ar-razi ash'ari asharis ash'aris ash'arite ash'ariyyah asha'riyyah az-zilal banna barbarism bayaan talbis al-qutbiyyah bayan talbis al-qutbiyyah christianity communism communist manifesto egypt excommunication extremism faith fawzan fi zilal il-quran fi zilal il-qur'an fikr frederick engels george bush ghaddafi ghulaat al-murji'ah ghuluww grave worship haakimiyyah habib ali al-jifree hadd hammad al-ansari hasan al-banna hasan al-maalikee hayyiz hind hudood ibn arabi ibn baaz ibn baz ibn hajar al-asqalani ibn hajr ibn jibreen ibn jibrin ibn saba al-yahudi ibn taymiyyah ibn uthaymeen ibn uthaymin ihyaa al-turaath imaan in the shade of the qur'an iranian revolution irja irjaa irjaa' istibdaal istihzaa jaahiliyyah jahmiyyah jamaa'at ut-takfir jameel zainoo jihah karl marx kashani khabar ul-aahaad khabar ul-wahid khameni kharijites khawarij khomeini khurooj kufr bawah leninism leninists libya madaakhilah madkhali madkhalis mahmood shakir mahmud shakir makaan makhlooq marxism marxist socialism mawdudi milestones mockery mohammad qutb mongols moosaa moses mu'awiyah mufawwidah mufawwidh muhammad al-areefee muhammad bin ibraaheem muhammad bin ibrahim muhammad sa'eed al-qahtani muqbil bin haadee muqbil bin hadi murji'ah nawab safawi nawawi qawaaneen qawanin qsep qur'an qutb qutbi qutbi manhaj qutbis qutbiyyah qutubiyyah raafidah rabi al-madkhali rabi bin hadi al-madkhali rafidah rafidah shi'ah revolutionary ideology safar al-hawali sahaabah sajid kaym sajid kayum salafi manhaj saleem begg salih aal ash-shaykh salih al-luhaydan salman al-aqdah salman al-awdah salman awan saudi saudi arabia sayyid qutb secular law secular laws secularism shaikh rabi shanqeetee shanqiti shaykh abd al-aziz aal ash-shaykh shaykh abd al-aziz bin baz shaykh abdul-aziz bin baz shaykh al-albani shaykh al-luhaydaan shaykh al-uthaymin shaykh ibn jibrin shaykh ibn uthaymin shaykh muhammad amaan al-jaamee shaykh muqbil bin haadee shaykh muqbil bin hadi shaykh rabee shaykh rabee' shaykh rabee bin haadee shaykh rabi shaykh rabi al-madkali shaykh rabi bin hadi al-madkhali shiah shi'ites shirk sifaat fi'liyyah social justice socialism soofee speech of allaah sufi sufism syria tabdeel tafweed tahkeem tahkeem al-qawaaneen tahkim al-qawanin takfeer takfir takfiris takhyeel tamyee' tashree' taswir al-fanni fil-qur'an tatars ta'weel tawhid tawhid al-haakimiyyah tawhid al-hakimiyyah tawhid al-hukm the companions ubaydullah al-mubarakfuri wahdat ul-wujood zilal

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